The human mind remembers the things which it feels are sad. We remember 2019 for many things, especially the negatives, but do we look at the positives that happened in 2019? Let’s take a look what significant positives happened in 2019 and try to make 2020 a better year.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) launched a students’ satellite Kalamsat and an imaging satellite Microsat-R from the Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh on January 24, 2019, marking its first launch in 2019. The national space agency’s rocket, PSLV C44 carried the satellites into the orbit. After about 14 minutes into the flight, the rocket ejected the 700-kg Microsat R satellite at an altitude of about 277 km. With this launch, India became the first country to use the fourth stage of a space rocket as an orbital platform for micro-gravity experiments.
Also in January 2019 India improved its ranking on 2018 Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) by three points amd moved to 78th position with a score of 41. India ranked 81st place on Corruption Perceptions Index 2017.
In retaliation to the deadly Pulwama terror attack, the Indian Air Force fighter jets crossed the line of control in the early hours of February 26, 2019 and attacked Jaish-e-Mohammed terror camps in Pakistan occupied Kashmir. The Indian Air Force used Mirage-2000 jets to drop 1000 kg of laser-guided bombs causing an estimated casualty of 200-300. In the intelligence led operation, India struck the biggest training camp of Jaish-e-Mohammed in Balakot, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa.
Also, the Abu Dhabi Judicial Department (ADJD) added Hindi as the third official language to be used in the city’s courts, alongside Arabic and English.
Prime Narendra Modi on March 27, 2019 announced that India established itself as the world’s 4th largest space super power. The PM announced the success of ‘Mission Shakti’, in which Indian scientists successfully targeted and shot down a live satellite on a Low Earth Orbit with an anti-satellite missile (A-SAT) within a matter of just three minutes. The Prime Minister stated that the feat is historic, as till now, only three countries in the world – United States of America, Russia and China have achieved this.
Indian space agency, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) on April 1, 2019 launched the electronic intelligence satellite EMISAT along with 28 other satellites of global customers. These 28 satellites, together weighing about 220 kg, belonged to Spain (1), Lithuania (2), Switzerland (1) and the United States (24). These included 20 Flock-4A satellites and 4 Lemur satellites. Emisat was launched into an altitude of 749 km orbit, while the 28 satellites were launched at an altitude of 504 km orbit.
Three women officers of Indian Air Force were part of India’s first all-women crew to fly a medium-lift helicopter Mi-17 V5. Flight Lieutenant Parul Bhardwaj (Captain), Flying Officer Aman Nidhi (co-pilot) and Flight Lieutenant Hina Jaiswal (Flight Engineer) were three women IAF officers flew the chopper, which took off from a forward air base in South Western air command. All three women officers flew a Mi-1 7 V5 helicopter for Battle Inoculation Training mission.
Virat Kohli broke Sachin Tendulkar and Brian Lara’s record to become the fastest to score 20,000 international runs. The Indian skipper took only 417 innings to achieve the record- 131 in Tests, 224 in ODIs and 62 in T20s.
Also, according to the Health Index report published by NITI Aayog, Kerala topped among large states on overall health performance followed by Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
The passage of the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill was a major legislative success for the BJP-led NDA. The Lok Sabha had passed the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019 in July 2019.
Under the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, divorcing through instant triple talaq will be illegal, void and could attract a jail term of three years for the husband. Under the proposed law, a Muslim woman against whom talaq has been declared, is entitled to seek subsistence allowance from her husband for herself and also for her dependent children.
India became the first country in the world to start the use of Biometric Seafarer Identity Document. This technology helps in getting the correct information of the sailors and their whereabouts. There are approx 208799 seafarers employed in the shipping sector.
Also, the Indian Institute of Petroleum had set up a plant which can turn plastic waste into diesel which aims to aid economic growth. It was inaugurated by the Union Science and Technology Minister Harsh Vardhan. This plant was set to produce 800 liters of diesel from one tonne of plastic waste.
An indigenously-developed Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) system was successfully test-fired on September 11 by Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO). The test was conducted at Kurnool, Andhra Pradesh. The Man-Portable Anti-Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) was based on the fire-and-forget system. DRDO had developed this missile in partnership with Bharat Dynamics Limited.
The Indian city of Ayodhya on 26th October set a Guinness world record by lighting hundreds of thousands of earthen lamps as part of an annual Hindu festival, Diwali. Also, India signed the agreement with Pakistan for the operationalisation of the Kartarpur Sahib Corridor at Zero Point international Boundary on October 24, 2019.
Rajya Sabha Passed The Transgender(Protection of Rights) Bill 2019. The transgender Bill defines the person as one whose gender does not match the gender that was assigned at birth. Rajya Sabha passed the Bill on 26th November 2019, without any amendments. The bill aims to protect the rights of transgender persons by giving them due to recognition and making welfare provisions for them.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) named a white-yellow star in the Sextans Constellation as “Bhibha” and its planet as “Santamasa”. The star has been named Bhibha honouring Indian Woman Scientist Bhibha Choudhury who discovered subatomic particle pi-meson.
Also, the shuttle train service between Lahore and Wagah railway station resumed operation on 15 December 2019 after a gap of 22 years.
All in all, let us just not look at the negatives, which a human being often does, let us also look at the positives. Anyways, have a wonderful 2020! Cheers to more positives.